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Infectious Diseases and the Kidney in Children

  • Jennifer Stevens
  • Jethro A. Herberg
  • Michael Levin
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The kidney is involved in a wide range of bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic diseases. In most systemic infections, renal involvement is a minor component of the illness, but in some, renal failure may be the presenting feature and the major problem in management. Although individual infectious processes may have a predilection to involve the renal vasculature, glomeruli, interstitium, or collecting systems, a purely anatomic approach to the classification of infectious diseases affecting the kidney is rarely helpful because most infections may involve several different aspects of renal function. In this chapter, a microbiological classification of the organisms affecting the kidney is adopted. Although they are important causes of renal dysfunction in infectious diseases, urinary tract infections and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) are not discussed in detail because they are considered separately in chapters XX and XX, respectively.

Keywords

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Nephrotic Syndrome Kawasaki Disease Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Disseminate Intravascular Coagulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Stevens
    • 1
  • Jethro A. Herberg
    • 2
  • Michael Levin
    • 3
  1. 1.University Hospital WalesCardiffUK
  2. 2.Imperial College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of MedicineImperial College LondonLondonUK

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