Clinical Evaluation of the Child with Suspected Renal Disease

  • Mohan A. Shenoy
  • Nicholas J. A. Webb
Living reference work entry


Renal disease in children may present with overt symptoms such as hematuria or oliguria. However, on many occasions, symptoms can be mild or nonspecific. Increasingly many of the congenital anomalies of the renal tract are detected by antenatal ultrasonography. A number of children are referred following detection of abnormality during routine assessment or following screening. A detailed history which includes antenatal, family, and medication history is an essential aspect of evaluation of every child with renal disease. A child with renal disease should have a thorough clinical examination including assessment of growth, nutrition, and hydration. Awareness of genetic and multisystem diseases which involve the kidneys is important.


Infective Endocarditis Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Polycystic Kidney Disease Posterior Urethral Valve 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric NephrologyRoyal Manchester Children’s HospitalManchesterUK

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