Cell biology deals with all aspects of the normal and of the tumor cell, their normal and abnormal multiplication, their differentiation, their stem origins, and their regulated cell death.
The intracellular environment is separated from the external environment by a lipid bilayer called plasma membrane. The plasma membrane controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell and it is important for the cell to sense the surrounding environment. Within the cell the nucleus occupies most of the space. The cell nucleus contains genes, which drive all cellular activities and processes. Genes are organized in chromosomes (i.e., genome) and are made of DNA. The genetic information is used to produce proteins, which are the critical effectors required for all cellular processes. The nucleus is separated from the rest of the cellular content by the nuclear membrane, which remains in contact with the cytoplasm as well as the nucleoplasm. In the...
KeywordsStem Cell Focal Adhesion Kinase Adult Stem Cell Stem Cell Biology Human Embryonic Stem Cell Line
- Gearhart J, Hogan B, Melton D et al (2006) Essential of stem cell biology. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Potten C, Wilson J (2004) Apoptosis – the life and death of cells. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- (2012) Cell Cycle. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of Cancer, 3rd edn. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, p 737. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_994Google Scholar
- (2012) Extracellular Matrix. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of Cancer, 3rd edn. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, p 1362. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_2067Google Scholar
- (2012) Microenvironment. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of Cancer, 3rd edn. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, p 2296. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_3720Google Scholar