Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab


  • Numsen Hail
  • Reuben Lotan
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_988-2



Celecoxib, a diaryl-substituted pyrazole drug, was developed by G. D. Searle & Company and is currently marketed by Pfizer Incorporated under the brand names Celebrex and Celebra. Celecoxib is a member of the class of agents known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs are the most commonly used therapeutic agents for the treatment of acute pain, fever, menstrual symptoms, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Because of their ability to reduce tissue inflammation, which is often associated with tumorigenesis at various sites in the body (e.g., gastrointestinal tract and lung), celecoxib and certain other NSAIDs are also considered to have a potential in cancer chemoprevention as exemplified by their ability to prevent the formation and decrease the size of polyps in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients. Orally administered celecoxib...


Familial Adenomatous Polyposis PI3K Pathway Human Prostate Cancer Cell Mitochondrial Membrane Permeabilization Cancer Chemoprevention 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical SciencesThe University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences CenterDenverUSA
  2. 2.Department of Thoracic Head and Neck Medical OncologyThe University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA