Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Breast Cancer

  • Seda Ayer
  • Garima Sinha
  • Margarette Bryan
  • Pranela Rameshwar
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_7236-1

Definition

Breast cancer is a leading cause of death in developing countries and second leading cause of death in women in developed countries after lung cancer. Both men and women can be diagnosed with breast cancer, but it is more prevalent in women. Clinical breast cancer forms when cells in breast tissues become malignant and grow uncontrollably. The same breast cancer cells can leave the primary site and metastasize (see “Metastasis”) in other parts of body. There are several types of breast cancer, but the most common type is ductal carcinoma in situ, which originates in the lining of the ducts and is confined within the breast duct(s). When ductal carcinoma spreads into surrounding tissues, it is called invasive ductal carcinoma. Invasive ductal carcinoma accounts for 80% of invasive breast cancer. About 10% of invasive carcinomas are invasive lobular carcinomas which begin in the milk-producing glands (lobules) and spread into surrounding tissues. Other rare types of invasive...

Keywords

Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Risk Ionize Radiation Therapy Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Invasive Lobular Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Sickles EA (2010) The use of breast imaging to screen women at high risk for cancer. Radiol Clin N Am 48(5):859–878CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seda Ayer
    • 1
  • Garima Sinha
    • 1
    • 2
  • Margarette Bryan
    • 1
  • Pranela Rameshwar
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medicine – Hematology/OncologyRutgers, New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Rutgers Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA