Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Abscopal Effects

  • Gabriele Multhoff
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_7217-1

Synonyms

Definition

Abscopal effects describe nontargeted, radiotherapy (RT)-induced tumor regression in lesions or tumor or metastatic regions distant from the irradiated site.

Characteristics

More than 50 % of patients with solid tumors are treated with radiotherapy either alone or in combination with chemotherapy. Apart from direct cytotoxic effects of radiation therapy which are predominantly caused by the deposition of low and high LET (Radiosensitization) energy to the nucleus and DNA (DNA Damage; DNA Damage Response; DNA Damage-Induced Apoptosis; Repair of DNA), non-(DNA)-targeting radiation effects that result in tumor regression in lesions distant from the irradiated tumor have been described. These so-called abscopal effects, firstly described by Mole in 1953 (Whole body...

Keywords

Renal Cell Carcinoma Retinoic Acid Bystander Effect Antitumor Immune Response Immunogenic Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinikum rechts der Isar, Department Radiation Oncology, TU München and CCG – “Innate Immunity in Tumor Biology”Helmholtz Zentrum MünchenMunichGermany