Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab


  • Henry Lai
  • Narendra P. Singh
  • Tomikazu Sasaki
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_7201-1



Artemisinin, a natural product (Fig. 1) isolated from the sweet wormwood Artemisia annua L, is a sesquiterpene lactone. Artemisinin has molecular formula of C 15H 22O 5 (MW = 282.34). The structure of artemisinin contains fused 6- and 7-membered rings with a peroxide bridge (endoperoxide). Pure artemisinin is a white and crystalline powder that melts at 152–157 °C. Artemisinin is soluble in organic solvents but almost insoluble in water.


Pancreatic Cancer Endometrial Cancer Sesquiterpene Lactone Reactive Oxidative Species Artemisinic Acid 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry Lai
    • 1
  • Narendra P. Singh
    • 1
  • Tomikazu Sasaki
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of BioengineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA