Artemisinin, a natural product (Fig. 1) isolated from the sweet wormwood Artemisia annua L, is a sesquiterpene lactone. Artemisinin has molecular formula of C 15H 22O 5 (MW = 282.34). The structure of artemisinin contains fused 6- and 7-membered rings with a peroxide bridge (endoperoxide). Pure artemisinin is a white and crystalline powder that melts at 152–157 °C. Artemisinin is soluble in organic solvents but almost insoluble in water.
KeywordsPancreatic Cancer Endometrial Cancer Sesquiterpene Lactone Reactive Oxidative Species Artemisinic Acid
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