Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Pediatric Brain Tumors

  • Anat Erdreich-Epstein
  • Girish Dhall
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_7110-3

Synonyms

Definition

Pediatric brain tumors: a group of different cancers that arise in the central nervous system of children, are primarily located in the brain and/or spinal cord, and frequently differ from adult brain tumors in their biology, therapeutic approach, and relative frequency.

Characteristics

Introduction

Brain tumors constitute a group of different cancers that arise in the central nervous system and are primarily located in the brain and/or spinal cord.

Brain tumors in children are different than brain tumors in adults in terms of the relative frequency of different tumors, their biology, and therapeutic approaches. For example, in children primary tumors of the brain comprise most of the brain tumors, in adults brain metastases of systemic cancers are more common than primary brain tumors.

In children, brain tumors are the most common solid cancer and cause the highest...

Keywords

Germ Cell Tumor Pediatric Brain Tumor Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Craniospinal Irradiation Brain Stem Glioma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of PediatricsChildren’s Hospital Los Angeles and the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA