Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Ovarian Cancer Epidemiology

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_6962-6

Definition

Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women and the seventh most common cause of cancer death. In 2002, the estimated number of new cases of ovarian cancer worldwide was over 204,000, with 125,000 deaths (Ferlay et al. 2004). Although 5-year survival rates can be as high as 93 % for localized disease, they drop to only 31 % for distant disease (Ries et al. 2008). There is currently no good screening test for ovarian cancer, and almost two-thirds of cancers are not diagnosed until they have spread beyond the pelvis. As a result, the overall 5-year survival rate for ovarian cancer is only about 45 % (Ries et al. 2008).

Characteristics

Compared to the other major gynecologic cancers, there is less geographic variation in the incidence of ovarian cancer (Fig. 1) (Ferlay et al. 2004). Somewhat higher rates are seen in the UK, Northern Europe, Australia, and the USA with lower rates in Asia, China, and central Africa (Ferlay et al. 2004). Within the USA, rates are...

Keywords

Ovarian Cancer Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Lynch Syndrome Ovarian Cancer Risk Breast Cancer Susceptibility Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Adami H, Hunter D, Trichopoulos D (eds) (2008) Textbook of cancer epidemiology. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen VW, Ruiz B, Killeen JL, Cote TR, Wu XC, Correa CN (2003) Pathology and classification of ovarian tumors. Cancer 97:2631–2642CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ferlay J, Bray F, Pisani P, Parkin DM (2004) GLOBOCAN 2002: cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide. IARC Press, Lyon, IARC Cancer Base No 5, version 20Google Scholar
  4. Parkin DM, Whelan SL, Ferlay J, Storm H (2005) Cancer incidence in five continents. IARC Press, Lyon, IARC CancerBase No 7Google Scholar
  5. Ries LAG, Melbert D, Krapcho M, Stinchcomb DG, N. H, Horner MJ et al (2008) SEER cancer statistics review, 1975–2005. National Cancer Institute, BethesdaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cancer and Population Studies, Queensland Institute of Medical ResearchRoyal Brisbane HospitalBrisbaneAustralia