Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Lung Cancer Epidemiology

  • Robert Kratzke
  • Michael J. Franklin
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_6893-8

Definition

Is the study of the incidence, distribution, and ultimately, the prevention and control of lung cancer within the general population.

Characteristics

Of all cancer types, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, mostly in the United States (Adami et al. 2008).

Types of Lung Cancer

Approximately 95 % of primary lung cancers are carcinomas of the lung, arising from deregulated growth of epithelial cells (American Cancer Society 2014). The two major lung carcinomas are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Approximately 85–90 % of lung cancers are diagnosed as NSCLC, a heterogeneous group of malignancies consisting of three subtypes:

Adenocarcinomas account for approximately 40 % of all lung cancers. About 25–30 % of lung cancers are squamous cell carcinomas, and about 10–15 % of lung cancers are large cell carcinomas. Other subtypes of NSCLC are rare and...

Keywords

Lung Cancer Small Cell Lung Cancer Carcinoid Tumor Smoking Prevalence Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Hematology, Oncology and TransplantationUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA