Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Prostate Cancer Epidemiology

  • Randall E. Harris
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_6791-2

Definition

Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men and the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. In 2012, 1.12 million new cases of prostate cancer were diagnosed and 307,000 men died of the disease. During 2000-2012, the volume of new cases doubled and the number of deaths from prostate cancer increased by 50 %. As discussed in this chapter, multiple factors have influenced the surging global burden of prostate cancer including dietary changes leading to higher levels of obesity and inflammation that increase the risk and more sensitive methods of diagnosis (Harris 2016).

Characteristics

Global Epidemiology of Prostate Cancer

In developed countries, prostate cancer is diagnosed more often than any other form of male cancer (nearly 760,000 cases) and is the third leading cause of death from cancer in men (142,000 deaths annually). Disease survival in developing countries is high, and the ratio of incidence to mortality is 0.19 which is primarily due to...

Keywords

Prostate Cancer Androgen Receptor Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Prostate Gland Prostate Carcinogenesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Director Center of Molecular EpidemiologyThe Ohio State UniversityColombusUSA