Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Renal Cancer Trends in Molecularly Targeted Therapies

  • Robert A. FiglinEmail author
  • Sumanta Kumar Pal
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_6554-3


Today, the oncologist is armed with a multitude of active agents for the therapy of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This stands in sharp contrast to the landscape that existed just several years ago, at which time only interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were available. Both of these agents yield limited clinical benefit in most cases, with IL-2 offering only a small chance of a durable response. An enhanced understanding of pathways related to RCC tumorigenesis has led to the development of clinically validated targeted therapies. At present, these agents can be broadly divided into two classes, inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated signaling and inhibitors of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Through different mechanisms, both classes antagonize angiogenesis – notably, enhanced angiogenesis as a result of mutation in the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene(VHL gene) and consequent accumulation of...


Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Renal Cell Carcinoma Arterial Spin Label Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Sunitinib Therapy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Hematology OncologySamuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medical Oncology and Experimental TherapeuticsCity of Hope Comprehensive Cancer CenterDuarteUSA