Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Renal Cancer Diagnosis

  • Christian DoehnEmail author
  • Ingo Kausch
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_6326-4

Synonyms

Definition

Diagnosis of renal cancer is primarily based on imaging studies. Today, most tumors are detected by ultrasound of asymptomatic patients. No tumor marker for renal cancer is currently established. The staging of renal cancer aims to determine the size and possible local or distant spread. Although renal biopsy can be performed, most patients with a renal mass will undergo surgical exploration. Histopathology of the excised tumor or removed tumor-bearing kidney will determine tumor stage and histologic subtype. In metastatic disease, imaging studies document size and localization of metastasis before systemic therapy. Follow-up studies will determine possible therapy responders.

Characteristics

Almost 3 % of all malignant tumors in adults are renal cancers. In 2015, there were 61,560 new cases and 14,080 deaths from renal cancer and renal pelvis cancer in the USA. The incidence of renal cancer – at least in the...

Keywords

Positron Emission Tomography Histologic Subtype Renal Tumor Renal Cancer Split Renal Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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See Also

  1. (2012) Arteriography. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 285. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6510Google Scholar
  2. (2012) Cavography. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 684. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6498Google Scholar
  3. (2012) Computed tomography. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 964–965. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_1295Google Scholar
  4. (2012) Imaging. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 1808. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6509Google Scholar
  5. (2012) Magnetic resonance tomography. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 2136. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6497Google Scholar
  6. (2012) Monosomy. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 2372. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_3831Google Scholar
  7. (2012) Paraneoplastic syndromes. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 2784-2785. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_4387Google Scholar
  8. (2012) Prognosis. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 2994. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_4758Google Scholar
  9. (2012) Renogram. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 3252. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6499Google Scholar
  10. (2012) TNM classification. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 3716. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6511Google Scholar
  11. (2012) Trisomy. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 3784. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_5983Google Scholar
  12. (2012) Ultrasound. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 3836. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6097Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urologikum LübeckLübeckGermany
  2. 2.Department of UrologyAmmerlandklinik WesterstedeWesterstedeGermany