Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

5-aza-2′ Deoxycytidine

  • Bernard W. Futscher
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_503-2

Synonyms

Definition

Sorm and Vesely first described the pyrimidine analogs 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine and 5-azacytidine in the mid-1960. They were generally considered to be in the antimetabolite class of anticancer agents; however, unique actions of 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine clearly extend these molecules beyond the realm of most other antimetabolites. 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine and 5-azacytidine may be better considered as the prototypical agents of an emergent class of therapeutic agents, epigenetic modifiers (epigenetics, epigenetic therapy). The most notable epigenetic effect of these 5-aza-pyrimidines is their ability to demethylate the DNA of proliferating cells, and these drugs are now classified as DNA demethylating agents (methylation). To attain therapeutic efficacy, enzymatic activation of...

Keywords

Epigenetic Landscape Transcriptional Reprogram Pyrimidine Analog Epigenetic Gene Silence Epigenetic Switch 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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See Also

  1. (2012) Hypomethylation. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of Cancer, 3rd edn. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, p 1791. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_2922Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Arizona Cancer Center and College of PharmacyUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA