Phytochemicals in Cancer Prevention
Living reference work entry
Phytochemicals are molecules which occur in the plant kingdom; the prefix phyto- is used in words related to botany. Strictly speaking, the term phytochemical encompasses compounds belonging to a large range of chemical classes, from essential minerals such as selenium to large organic molecules such as plant proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, which serve as nutrients. Most people would probably associate the term phytochemical with small non-nutrient organic molecules contained in edible fruits and vegetables. Representative examples of potentially cancer chemopreventive phytochemicals (with their dietary precursors in brackets) are genistein (soya), vitamin c (fruits, vegetables), β-carotene (fruits, vegetables), curcumin (curry spice turmeric), lycopene (tomatoes), and tea catechins such as epigallocatechin gallate (green tea), resveratrol (red grapes, other fruits), and apigenin (leafy vegetables) (see Fig. 1).
KeywordsFamilial Adenomatous Polyposis Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Patient Epigallocatechin Gallate Tramp Mouse
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
- World Cancer Research Fund International (2015) http://www.wcrf-uk.org/uk/our-research/our-continuous-update-project
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014