Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Pancreatic Cancer Stem Cells

  • Diane M. Simeone
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_4359-4

Definition

A subpopulation of highly tumorigenic cells that possess the stem cell-like properties of the ability to self-renew and generate differentiated tumor cell types found in pancreatic cancer.

Characteristics

Pancreatic canceris an aggressive malignancy arising from the exocrine pancreas. Greater than 30,000 people per year are affected by the disease in the United States alone where it is the fourth leading cause of cancer death. Pancreatic cancer portends the worst prognosis of any solid tumor malignancy, with a 5-year survival rate of less than 3 %. Conventional therapies, such as chemotherapy and ionizing radiation, often produce minimal clinical response in tumor shrinkage and cancer regression. While our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the development and progression has significantly improved by examining genomic and proteomic profiling of human pancreatic cancers, these studies do not account for the heterogeneity of cancer cells within a...

Keywords

Pancreatic Cancer Cancer Stem Cell Pancreatic Cancer Cell Adult Stem Cell Human Pancreatic Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of Michigan Medical CenterAnn ArborUSA