Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Pancreatic Cancer Basic and Clinical Parameters

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_4357-4

Definition

Epithelial malignancies of the pancreatic gland that originate in more than 85 % from ductal cells. In rare cases, tumors may also arise from acinar or endocrine cells.

Characteristics

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is one of the most aggressive human malignancies reflected by a mortality rate which closely follows that of the incidence. Its incidence is steadily increasing, and today it is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the western hemisphere. Most patients are diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in the late course of the disease with unspecific symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, jaundice, and upper abdominal pain. At this stage pancreatic cancer frequently has invaded surrounding organs such as the duodenum and stomach and the retroperitoneal tissue and blood vessels (Fig. 1). Lymph node metastases occur in most cases and reflect a high metastatic potential.

Keywords

Pancreatic Cancer Chronic Pancreatitis Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer Normal Pancreatic Tissue Hereditary Pancreatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General, Visceral and Pediatric SurgeryUniversity Medical CenterGöttingenGermany