Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Oncoplastic Surgery

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_4234-2

Definition

Oncoplastic surgery is an evolving surgical subspecialty that combines the principles and techniques of surgical oncology (removal of cancer) with aesthetic and reconstructive surgery.

Characteristics

Historical Background

Breast cancer is not a new disease. Historical documents as early as the Egyptian papyrus writings have noted its existence. Since that time, women have lived in fear of this dreaded disease, the lethal nature of its course, and the often disfiguring surgery that accompanies treatment.

Today, many of those fears can be alleviated. A broad range of new and innovative techniques are now used in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer which has changed the stage of disease that physicians are treating to a much earlier stage. In turn, this has allowed for new surgical modalities such as minimally invasive biopsy and breast conservation. The advances in surgical care and the development of new and successful reconstructive techniques have all stimulated...

Keywords

Breast Cancer Breast Reconstruction Radical Mastectomy Breast Conservation Breast Conservation Surgery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Fisher B, Anderson S, Bryant J et al (2002) Twenty-year follow-up of a randomized trial comparing total mastectomy, lumpectomy, and lumpectomy plus irradiation for the treatment of invasive breast cancer. N Engl J Med 347:1233CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. NIH Consensus Conference (1991) Treatment of early-stage breast cancer. J Am Med Assoc 265:391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Seminars in breast disease (2004) In: Feig S, Lebovic G (eds) Oncoplastic surgery and breast health care, vol 7. Elsevier, Amsterdam, p 4Google Scholar
  4. Veronesi U, Cascinelli N, Mariani L et al (2002) Twenty-year follow-up of a randomized study comparing breast-conserving surgery with radical mastectomy for early breast cancer. N Engl J Med 347:1227CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Director of Women’s ServicesThe Cooper ClinicDallasUSA