Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Epidemiology of Cancer

  • Elizabeth B. Claus
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_1930-2

Synonyms

Definition

Is the study of the incidence, distribution, and, ultimately, the prevention and control of cancer within the general population.

Characteristics

The discipline of cancer epidemiology is a relatively young one, with much of the methodology developed over the past 50 years. Prior to the advent of formal methods of collection and analysis of cancer incidence and risk factor data, associations were generally the result of reports or observations of astute clinicians or scientists. The literature is full of fascinating stories of early attempts at epidemiologic cancer studies such as that of the nineteenth-century physician, Alfred Haviland, who created elaborate maps of cancer deaths in England and Wales using national mortality statistics. One of the first and probably most well-known reports of a relationship between a risk factor and the occurrence of cancer occurred in 1950, with the publication of several case/control studies detailing the...

Keywords

Cancer Risk Factor Genetic Epidemiology Cancer Epidemiology Family History Information Risk Factor Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Claus EB (2000) Risk models in genetic epidemiology. Stat Methods Med Res 9(6):589–601CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Samet JM, Munez A (1998) Epidemiologic reviews: cohort studies. Am J Epidemiol 20(1):1–136Google Scholar
  3. Szklo M, Nieto FJ (2000) Epidemiology. Beyond the basics. Aspen, GaithersburgGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Public HealthYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA