Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Colorectal Cancer Premalignant Lesions

  • Luca Roncucci
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_1269-2

Synonyms

Definition

Colorectal cancer premalignant lesions are focal lesions which precede cancer development. There are different entities: adenoma is the only one for which the available scientific evidence of its premalignant nature is more convincing.

Colorectal adenomas are polypoid, flat, or depressed lumps of epithelial origin, which can be found throughout the large bowel, whose main histological feature is dysplasia. They may be single or multiple, rarely hundreds or even thousands, as in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Adenomas, if left untreated, grow and finally may become malignant. However, only a fraction of colorectal adenomas acquire malignant features, and sometimes may also regress. Polypoid adenomas are the most frequent and can be sessile (with a large base) or pedunculated (with a stalk attached by a narrow base on the colorectal mucosal surface).

Other kinds of colorectal lesions may be premalignant;...

Keywords

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Lynch Syndrome Colorectal Adenoma Crohn Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic and Clinical Medicine, and Public HealthUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly