Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Colorectal Cancer

  • Manfred Schwab
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_1265-4

Synonyms

Definition

Cancer of the colon or rectum is also called colorectal cancer. In the United States, it is the fourth most common cancer in men and women. Caught early, it is often curable. It is more common in people over 50, and the risk increases with age.

Risk factors include:
  1. 1.

    Polyps – growths inside the colon and rectum that may become cancerous

     
  2. 2.

    A diet that is high in fat

     
  3. 3.

    A family history or personal history of colorectal cancer

     
  4. 4.

    Ulcerative colitis or Crohn disease

     

Symptoms can include blood in the stool, narrower stools, a change in bowel habits, and general stomach discomfort. However, even in the absence of symptoms, screening is important. Everyone who is 50 or older should be screened for colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy is one screening method for colorectal cancer. Treatments for colorectal cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination.

Cross-References

Keywords

Colorectal Cancer Colon Cancer Ulcerative Colitis Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Lynch Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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See Also

  1. (2012) Colonoscopy. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 915. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_1266Google Scholar
  2. (2012) Polyp. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 2955. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6524Google Scholar
  3. (2012) Ulcerative colitis. In: Schwab M (ed) Encyclopedia of cancer, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p 3836. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6095Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)HeidelbergGermany