Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Methanotroph

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_972-2

Synonyms

Definition

Methanotrophs are organisms which are able to obtain energy by oxidizing methane (CH4). Methane, found widely in nature, is produced in strict anaerobic conditions by methanogenic Archaea (see Methanogens). It is the main gas in anoxic muds, marshes, lakes, rice paddies, and lanfield. Methane is the major constituent of natural gas and is also present in many coal formations. It can be used as an electron donor by methanotrophic bacteria. Methanotrophs can also use other one carbon compounds as a source of energy and carbon. Most of the known methanotrophs are aerobic, although, recently, methanotrophic activities in anoxic environments have been detected. All methanotrophs possess a specific enzyme, methane monooxygenase, which can insert an oxygen atom into the methane molecule generating methanol. The oxygen requirement for the oxygenation of methane explains their obligate aerobic character. The anoxic oxidation of methane requires a consortium of...

Keywords

Carbon Cycle Sulfate Reduce Rice Paddy Sulfate Reduce Bacterium Aerobic Respiration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia MolecularUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain