Iridium is a hard, brittle, corrosion-resistant metal with the symbol 77Ir192. It is one of the platinum group elements (PGE – ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, rhenium, osmium, iridium, platinum), which are highly siderophilic and form strong bonds with iron. Most of the terrestrial PGE are concentrated in the core, leaving the mantle and crust highly depleted in Ir (ca. 3 and <0.05 ppb, respectively). In comparison, undifferentiated meteorites are enriched in PGE (ca. 200–500 ppb). Elevated PGE concentrations measured in terrestrial rocks indicate a meteoritic contribution. The detection of the iridium enrichment in the KT boundary clay layer first led to the meteoritic impact hypothesis as a possible cause of the dinosaur extinction. The determination of PGE elemental ratios in impactites can contribute to the identification of the type of impacted meteorite.