Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Quenching

  • Kensei Kobayashi
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_5241-1

Definition

In chemistry and physics, quenching mainly refers to the effect of rapid cooling, though is used in various scientific fields to denote the rapid cessation of a reaction by rapid dilution, addition of another reagent, or change of temperature. In materials science, quenching is used to give special properties to materials by heating followed by rapid cooling. In optics, quenching refers to the decrease of fluorescence intensity which occurs when an acceptor fluorophore is brought into close proximity of an excited donor fluorophore. When coexisting substances decrease fluorescence intensity by some processes such as a collision and a chemical reaction, the process is called chemical quenching.

In chemical evolution studies, quenching (rapid cooling) is quite important in the formation of organic compounds. Organic compounds tend to decompose when exposed to excessive amounts of energy, such as high temperatures. For example, amino acids are decomposed when they are heated at...

Keywords

Fluorescence Intensity Electric Discharge Rapid Cool Scientific Field Chemical Evolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References and Further Reading

  1. Imai E-I, Honda H, Hatori K, Brack A, Matsuno K (1999) Elongation of oligopeptides in a simulated submarine hydrothermal system. Science 283:831–833CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan