Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

RNA Polymerase

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_5177-2

Synonyms

Definition

RNA polymerase is an enzyme which catalyzes the addition of a ribonucleoside triphosphate to the 3′ – end of a RNA strand using a template. The systematic name of this enzymatic activity is nucleoside triphosphate-RNA nucleotidyltransferase, and the catalyzed reaction can be represented as
$$ \mathrm{nucleoside}\ \mathrm{triphosphate}+{\mathrm{RNA}}_n=\mathrm{diphosphate}+{{\mathrm{RNA}}_n}_{+1} $$

Keywords

Enzymatic Activity Bioorganic Chemistry Polymerase Activity Diverse Type Ribonucleoside Triphosphate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia Evolutiva, Universitat de ValènciaValènciaSpain