Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

DNA Polymerase

  • Juli Peretó
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_5176-2

Synonyms

Definition

DNA polymerase is an enzyme which catalyzes the addition of a deoxynucleoside triphosphate to the 3′ end of a DNA strand using a template. The systematic name of this enzymatic activity is deoxynucleoside-triphosphate:DNA deoxynucleotidyl transferase and the catalyzed reaction can be represented as
$$ \mathrm{Deoxynucleoside}\ \mathrm{triphosphate}+{\mathrm{DNA}}_n=\mathrm{diphosphate}+{\mathrm{DNA}}_{n+1} $$

Keywords

Escherichia Coli Enzymatic Activity Reverse Transcriptase Bioorganic Chemistry Nobel Prize 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia EvolutivaUniversitat de ValènciaValènciaSpain