Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso


  • William M. Irvine
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_4026-3


The troposphere (from “tropos” = turning) is that portion of the atmosphere of a planet where the dominant means of energy transport is via convection and in which the temperature decreases with height due to adiabatic expansion, above the surface for a terrestrial planet or above an arbitrary level such as the top of the cloud decks for a giant planet like Jupiter. The temperature minimum at the top of the Earth’s troposphere is called the tropopause, above which is the stratosphere (in the case of the Earth, the giant planets and Titan) or the mesosphere (in the case of Mars and Venus).

See Also


Bioorganic Chemistry Temperature Minimum Energy Transport Temperature Inversion Giant Planet 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AstronomyUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA