Cuvier’s Conception of Origins of Life
The French naturalist Georges Cuvier (1769–1832) was one of the most important comparative anatomists and paleontologists of the beginning of the nineteenth century. Concerning history of life, Cuvier claimed a form of fixism explaining changes of species during geological time. He imagined several disasters during which certain species would disappear and after which new species would come from other places. During the first part of the nineteenth century, his proposal had a very significant place in biology and paleontology.