Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Adiabatic Processes

  • Lisa Kaltenegger
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_32-3

Definition

A process affecting a parcel of matter is said to be adiabatic if it occurs without addition or loss of heat from the parcel. No exchange of heat means that temperature changes in the parcel must be due to changes in pressure alone. In planetary atmospheres, the adiabatic lapse rate is the change in air temperature with changing height, resulting from pressure change. The so-called dry adiabatic lapse rate has the slope \( \mathrm{d}\left( \ln \kern0.5em \mathrm{T}\right)/\mathrm{d}\left( \ln \kern0.5em \mathrm{p}\right)=\mathrm{R}/{\mathrm{c}}_{\mathrm{p}} \)

Keywords

Bioorganic Chemistry Thermodynamic Equilibrium Pressure Change Temperature Inversion Giant Planet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cornell UniversityIthacaUSA