Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Acid Hydrolysis

  • Mark Dörr
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_21-2

Definition

Hydrolysis (Greek: υδωρ [hydor] = “water” and λύσις [lýsis] = “solution”) is a chemical reaction in which a compound is cleaved by water. If a proton-donating compound (Brønsted acid) catalyzes the reaction, it is called “acid hydrolysis.” Formally one part of the cleaved reaction product receives a proton (H+), the other a hydroxyl (OH) moiety of a water molecule. Hydrolysis can also be catalyzed by a base. The reverse reaction is called a “condensation reaction.”

Keywords

Water Molecule Bioorganic Chemistry Acid Hydrolysis Condensation Reaction Reverse Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Southern DenmarkOdense MDenmark