Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Bitumen

  • Emmanuelle J. Javaux
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_197-4

Definition

Bitumen is the fraction of fossil organic matter in sedimentary rocks that is soluble in organic solvents (such as dichloromethane, hexanes, and methanol). It is a brown to black, highly viscous material that includes diverse organic macromolecules and chemical biomarkers. Bitumen is a component in petroleum.

See Also

Keywords

Organic Matter Organic Solvent Bioorganic Chemistry Sedimentary Rock Viscous Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geology Department, Palaeobiogeology-Palaeobotany-PalaeopalynologyUniversity of LiègeSart-Tilman LiègeBelgium