Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Methylidyne

  • William M. Irvine
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1807-4

Synonyms

CH

Definition

The diatomic radical CH (methylidyne), containing carbon and hydrogen, was one of the first interstellar molecules to be identified, in 1937 by T. Dunham and also by P. Swings and L. Rosenfeld. It is widespread in the diffuse interstellar medium, where it produces absorption lines in the visible spectrum of background stars. It is an important intermediary in the production and destruction of interstellar organic molecules. Methylidyne is also present in the coma (atmosphere) of comets, where it is presumably a photodissociation product of organic molecules sublimating from the cometary nucleus.

History

After the first detection of the interstellar OH radical by radio astronomers in 1963, several groups looked for radio emission from interstellar CH. The search was difficult, however, because no laboratory measurements of the lowest frequency transitions were available, and theoretical predictions of the relevant frequencies were not very accurate. Radio...

Keywords

Frequency Transition Organic Molecule Absorption Line Visible Spectrum Radio Emission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References and Further Reading

  1. Crovisier J, Encrenaz T (2000) Comet science: the study of remnants from the birth of the solar system. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  2. Hartquist TW, Williams DA (1995) The chemically controlled cosmos. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Rydbeck OH, Ellder J, Irvine WM (1973) Radio detection of interstellar CH. Nature 246:466–468CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AstronomyUniversity of Massachusetts, Lederle Graduate Research Tower B 619EAmherstUSA