Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso


  • Hervé CottinEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1744-4



EXPOSE-E, EXPOSE-R, and EXPOSE-R2 are exposure facilities developed by ESA in the 2000s to investigate the effect of space environment (especially energetic radiations) on various chemical and biological samples. EXPOSE-E was installed on the International Space Station outside of the European Columbus module on the European Technology Exposure Facility (EuTEF), from February 2008 to August 2009, while EXPOSE-R was installed outside of the Russian module Zvezda from March 2009 to March 2011. EXPOSE-R2 is a reload of EXPOSE-R with new experiments which departed to the space station in July 2014, and should return to Earth early 2016.


A typical EXPOSE facility is presented in Fig. 1. Data from six temperature sensors connected to the three trays, four UV-B sensors, and one radiometer are recorded every 10 s.


Exposure facility International Space Station Low Earth orbit Photobiology Photochemistry Space radiations 
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References and Further Reading

  1. Cottin H et al (2008) Heterogeneous solid/gas chemistry of organic compounds related to comets, meteorites, Titan and Mars: in laboratory and in lower Earth orbit experiments. Adv Space Res 42:2019–2035CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Rabbow E et al (2009) EXPOSE, an astrobiological exposure facility on the International Space Station – from proposal to flight. Orig Life Evol Biosph 39:581–598CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Rabbow E et al (2012) EXPOSE-E, an ESA Astrobiology mission 1.5 years in space. Astrobiology 12:374–386Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes AtmosphériquesUniversité Paris Est-CréteilCréteil CedexFrance