Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Cyanogen

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1734-3

Synonyms

Definition

Cyanogen is a compound of formula (CN) 2. It is a colorless gas at standard temperature and pressure. A cyanogen molecule consists of two CN groups bonded together at their carbon atoms (N≡C−C≡N). Cyanogen is the anhydride of oxamide. It can be generated from cyanide compounds and solutions of metal salts (such as copper(II) sulfate).
$$ 2{\mathrm{CuSO}}_4+4\mathrm{K}\mathrm{C}\mathrm{N}\to {\left(\mathrm{C}\mathrm{N}\right)}_2+2\mathrm{CuCN}+2{\mathrm{K}}_2{\mathrm{SO}}_4 $$

Keywords

Carbon Atom Bioorganic Chemistry Oxalic Acid Electric Discharge Metal Salt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI)Tokyo Institute of TechnologyMeguro-kuJapan
  2. 2.Institute for Advanced StudyPrincetonUSA
  3. 3.Blue Marble Space Institute of ScienceWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Center for Chemical EvolutionGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA