Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Transferase

  • Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1601-3

Definition

In biochemistry, a transferase is an enzyme or ribozyme that catalyzes the transfer of a chemical group (e.g., an acetyl, methyl, amino, or phosphate group) from one molecule, the donor, to another, the acceptor. There are more than 450 known protein enzyme classes that catalyze the transfer of various chemical groups from one compound to another. For example, transaminases catalyze the transfer of an amino group from an amino acid to an a-keto acid.

See Also

Keywords

Bioorganic Chemistry Phosphate Group Protein Enzyme Enzyme Class 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geophysical LaboratoryCarnegie Institution of WashingtonWashingtonUSA