Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Thiocyanate

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1585-3

Definition

In chemistry, thiocyanate is the small molecule SCN (the conjugate base of thiocyanic acid HSCN). Organic compounds containing the functional group SCN are also called thiocyanates. Thiocyanate may be an important prebiotic compound as it forms robustly from cyanide and elemental sulfur:
$$ 8\;{\mathrm{CN}}^{-}+{\mathrm{S}}_8\to 8\;{\mathrm{S}\mathrm{CN}}^{-} $$

Keywords

Organic Compound Carbon Atom Small Molecule Negative Charge Bioorganic Chemistry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI)Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-kuTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Institute for Advanced StudyPrincetonUSA
  3. 3.Blue Marble Space Institute of ScienceWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Center for Chemical EvolutionGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA