Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso


  • Concepción AlonsoEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1135-2



Oxidation can be defined with different terms such as: the loss of electrons or hydrogen, or the gain of oxygen by an atom or a molecule.


Oxidation in Terms of Electron Transfer

Oxidation is the loss of electrons.

For example, in the reaction between iron and copper sulfate solution
$$ \mathrm{F}\mathrm{e}+{\mathrm{CuSO}}_4\to \mathrm{C}\mathrm{u}+{\mathrm{FeSO}}_4 $$


Electron donor Reducing agent Reductive 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Further Reading

  1. Encyclopedia Britannica (1992) Macropedia, vol 15, pp 1059. Micropedia, vol 9, pp 31, 15th edn. ISBN 0-85229-553-7Google Scholar
  2. Gold V (1997) In: McNaught AD, Wilkinson A (eds) The compendium of chemical terminology published by the international union of pure and applied chemistry (IUPAC), 2nd edn. ISBN 0-86542-684-8Google Scholar
  3. Hudlický M (1990) Oxidations in organic chemistry. American Chemical Society, Washington, p 456. ISBN 0-8412-1789-7Google Scholar
  4. Schüring J, Schulz HD, Fischer WR, Böttcher J, Duijnisveld WH (eds) (1999) Redox: fundamentals, processes and applications. Springer, Heidelberg, p 246. ISBN 978-3540665281Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Autonoma de MadridMadridSpain