Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Oligomer

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1103-2

Definition

The term oligomer is derived from the Greek “oligos,” meaning “a few.” In chemistry, an oligomer is a short polymer consisting of approximately five monomer units, although agreement as to the strict length cutoff is debated and varies between four and one hundred. Oligomers are formed by oligomerization, which involves linking the monomer units together in a chemical reaction. Unlike a polymer, if one of the repeating units of oligomer is removed, its chemical properties may be significantly altered.

In biochemistry, the term oligomer is commonly used for short, single-stranded DNA fragments, used in hybridization experiments as primers. It can also indicate a short protein made of two or more subunits.

See Also

Keywords

Nucleic Acid Chemical Property Bioorganic Chemistry Monomer Unit Hybridization Experiment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA