Dental Adaptations of African Apes

  • Mark F. Teaford
  • Peter S. Ungar
Living reference work entry


People have been fascinated by the similarities between apes and humans ever since the first reports of apes filtered out of Africa. Linnaeus struggled to incorporate them into his System of Nature, but anatomical studies by Tyson (1699) and Huxley (1863), among others, forced the world to recognize the striking resemblance between African apes, in particular, and modern humans. Now, with the ape and human fossil record raising more questions and technological advances generating new perspectives on morphology, it is time to take another look at the teeth of African apes, to see what is known and not known about them.


Geographic Information System Occlusal Surface Tooth Wear Dental Development Mountain Gorilla 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical TherapyHigh Point University, School of Health SciencesHigh PointUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA

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