Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ian P. Stolerman, Lawrence H. Price

Caffeine Intoxication

  • James D. Lane
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27772-6_243-2

Synonyms

Caffeinism; Caffeine ‘jitters’; Coffee nerves

Definition

Caffeine Intoxication or caffeinism is a medical and mental health condition that encompasses a variety of unpleasant mental and physical symptoms, all associated with the consumption of excessive amounts of caffeine. Symptoms primarily result from exaggerated stimulation of the central nervous system or other organ systems when high doses of caffeine are ingested. Caffeinism can cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. Symptoms resolve when caffeine ingestion is discontinued and the caffeine that remains in the body is metabolized and eliminated.

Role of Pharmacotherapy

Caffeine is generally accepted as the most widely consumed drug in the world. It is naturally present in coffee and tea, the most popular beverages in the world, and in cocoa, chocolate, and a number of other plants consumed in different parts of the world. Caffeine is added to...

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References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
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  3. James JE (1991) Caffeine and health. Academic, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  4. Lane JD (1987) Caffeine abuse and caffeine reduction. In: Blumenthal JA, McKee DC (eds) Applications in behavioral medicine and health psychology: a clinician’s source book. Professional Resource Exchange, Sarasota, pp 509–542Google Scholar
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  6. Reissig CH, Strain EC, Griffiths RR (2009) Caffeinated energy drinks – a growing problem. Drug Alcohol Depend 99:1–10PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. World Health Organization (1993) The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: diagnostic criteria for research. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesDuke University School of MedicineDurhamUSA