Forgiveness and Religious Tradition
Forgiveness has been defined as the “forswearing of negative affect and judgment by viewing the wrongdoer with compassion and love, in the face of a wrongdoer’s considerable injustice” (Enright et al. 1991, p. 123). Forgivingness has been defined as “the disposition to abort one’s anger (or altogether to miss getting angry) at persons one takes to have wronged one culpably, by seeing them in the benevolent terms provided by reasons characteristic of forgiving” (Roberts 1995, p. 290). Forgivingness is thus an overall disposition that manifests itself in most circumstances in life. Forgiveness, by contrast, only applies to particular circumstances (particular offenses).
By religious tradition, we have essentially considered Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam, without distinguishing between variants of these traditions (for a review, see McCullough et al. 2005). These are only a limited set of studies that have examined, separately from the effect of culture, the...
KeywordsEmotional Intelligence Religious Tradition Muslim Community Immoral Behavior Broad Process
- Enright, R. D., & the Human Development Study Group. (1991). The moral development of forgiveness. In W. Kurtines & J. Gewirtz (Eds.), Handbook of moral behavior and development (Vol. 1, pp. 123–152). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Kodandaramayya, P. (2004). The message of Mahabharata: The nation’s magnum opus. Mumbai: Bharatya Vidya Bhavan.Google Scholar
- McCullough, M. E., Bono, G., & Root, L. M. (2005). Religion and forgiveness. In R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (pp. 394–411). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Moucarry, C. (2004). The search for forgiveness: Pardon and punishment in Islam and Christianity. Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press.Google Scholar
- Roberts, R. C. (1995). Forgivingness. American Philosophical Quarterly, 32, 289–306.Google Scholar
- Rye, M. S., Pargament, K. I., Ali, M. A., Beck, G. L., Dorff, E. N., Hallisey, C., et al. (2000). Religious perspectives on forgiveness. In M. McCullough, K. Pargament, & C. Thoresen (Eds.), Frontiers of forgiveness (pp. 17–40). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar