Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

Living Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Zionism

Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_764-7

What is Zionism? Does psychology of religion have anything to offer to the understanding of Zionism?

What Is Zionism?

The term Zion has traditionally been viewed as synonymous with Jerusalem (Roth and Wigoder 1971). The most commonly understood use of the term Zionism is the belief that the land of Israel is the homeland of the Jewish people, and every effort is to be made to return Jewish people to the land. There is a detailed biblical definition of the territory in Numbers 34: 1–15, and the territory was then expanded in the time of David and Solomon.

The historical precursors of Zionist ideology are to be found in Jewish history from biblical times, including promises that the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Israel) will inherit the land of Canaan, the process of Jewish settlement of the land, and various persecutions and forced movements of population. Despite the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE and the creation of diaspora Jewish communities in the former...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Band, M. (2005). Religiosity, coping and suicidality within the religious Zionist community of Israel. London: London University.Google Scholar
  2. Cohen, S. M., & Kelman, A. Y. (2007). Beyond distancing: Young adult American Jews and their alienation from Israel. The Jewish identity project of reboot: Andrea and Charles Bronfman Philanthropies. Retrieved from http://www.acbp.net/pub/BeyondDistancing.pdf. Accessed 16 July 2008.
  3. Cummergen, P. (2000). Zionism and politics in Swaziland. Journal of Religion in Africa, 30, 370–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Guth, J. L., Fraser, C. R., Green, J. C., Kellstedt, L. A., & Smidt, C. E. (2000). Religion and foreign policy attitudes: The case of Christian Zionism. In J. Clifford (Ed.), Religion and the culture wars. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  5. Hewstone, M., & Stroebe, W. (2001). Introduction to social psychology. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  6. Jewish Publication Society. (1955). The holy scriptures. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America.Google Scholar
  7. Kook, R. A. I. (2005). When G-d becomes history: Historical essays of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Hakoen Kook (trans: Naor, B.). Spring Valley: Orot.Google Scholar
  8. Loewenthal, K. M. (2017). Anti-semitism and its mental health effects. London: Royal College of Psychiatry Spirituality & Psychiatry Conference. April 2017: Stigma, discrimination and spirituality.Google Scholar
  9. Roth, C., & Wigoder, G. (1971). Zionism. In Encyclopedia Judaica. Jerusalem: Encyclopedia Judaica.Google Scholar
  10. Seliktar, O. (1980). Socialisation of national ideology: The case of Zionists attitudes among young Israelis. Political Psychology, 2, 66–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Seliktar, O. (1983). The new Zionism. Foreign Policy, 51, 118–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Shneur Zalman of Liadi. (1973). Likkutei Amarim: Tanya (trans: Mindel, N., Mandel, N., Posner, Z., & Shochet, J. I.) (Bilingual edition). London: Kehot. (Original work published 1796).Google Scholar
  13. Wistrich, R. (2004). Anti-zionism and anti-semitism. Jewish Political Studies Review, 16, 3–4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology Department, Royal HollowayUniversity of LondonEghamUK