Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

Living Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Christian Fundamentalist Pastoral Care

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_200027-1

Pastoral care practices within the conservative protestant Christian community (e.g., Evangelical and Fundamentalist churches) include methods of pastoral care and counseling that are derived from the Bible (Adams 1970; Kellemen 2014), approaches that draw from the accumulated wisdom of the Christian tradition as well as scripture (Roberts and Talbot 1997), and models that integrate theology and psychology into pastoral practice (Collins 1980; Kollar 2011). While conservative Protestants who practice each of these approaches to pastoral care share a commitment to the authority of the Christian scriptures, those who are known as Fundamentalists have a preference for models of pastoral care that derive their practices from scripture rather than psychology, e.g., the Nouthetic Counseling movement (Adams 1970), the Psychoheresy Awareness movement (Bobgan and Bobgan 1979, 1994), and the Biblical Counseling Coalition (Kellemen and Forrey 2014). Themes that characterize these approaches...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access


  1. Adams, J. E. (1970). Competent to counsel. Phillipsburg: Presbyterian and Reformed.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, J. E. (1973). The Christian counselor’s manual. Phillipsburg: Presbyterian and Reformed.Google Scholar
  3. Adams, J. E. (1975). Pastoral counseling. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.Google Scholar
  4. Bobgan, M., & Bobgan, D. (1979). The psychological way/the spiritual way. Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship.Google Scholar
  5. Bobgan, M., & Bobgan, D. (1994). Against biblical counseling: For the Bible. Santa Barbara: Eastgate.Google Scholar
  6. Coe, J. H., & Hall, T. W. (2010). Psychology in the spirit: Contours of a transformational psychology. Downers Grove: InterVarsity.Google Scholar
  7. Collins, G. R. (1980). Christian counseling: A comprehensive guide. Waco: Word Books.Google Scholar
  8. Crabb, L. J., Jr. (1975). Basic principles of biblical counselling: A model for helping caring Christians become capable counselors. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.Google Scholar
  9. Crabb, L. J., Jr. (1977). Effective biblical counseling: Meeting counseling needs through the local church. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.Google Scholar
  10. Farnsworth, K. E. (1982). The conduct of integration. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 10(4), 308–319.Google Scholar
  11. Ingram, J. A. (1995). Contemporary issues and Christian models of integration: Into the modern/postmodern age. Journal of Psychology & Theology, 25(3), 3–14.Google Scholar
  12. Kellemen, R. W. (2014). Gospel-centered counseling: How Christ changes lives. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.Google Scholar
  13. Kellemen, R. W., & Forrey, J. (Eds.). (2014). Scripture and counseling: God’s word for life in a broken world. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.Google Scholar
  14. Kollar, C. A. (2011). Solution-focused pastoral counseling, updated and expanded. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.Google Scholar
  15. MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (Ed.). (2005). Counseling: How to counsel biblically. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.Google Scholar
  16. Myers, D. G., & Jeeves, M. (1987). Psychology through the eyes of faith. San Francisco: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  17. Powlison, D. A. C. (2010). The biblical counseling movement: History and context. Greensboro: New Growth.Google Scholar
  18. Roberts, R. C., & Talbot, M. R. (Eds.). (1997). Limning the psyche: Explorations in Christian psychology. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.McMaster Divinity CollegeHamiltonCanada