Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Diarrhea

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_864-2

Name

Greek; dia = through; rhein = flowing.

This clinical feature covers the frequent and abnormally quick excretion of watery and/or slimy feces (~more than 3 times per day and the total feces weight per day exceeds more than 200 g). The reasons for these symptoms may vary considerably and may be based on diseases of the organs of the intestinal system but also on infections or on allergic reactions (Table 1). There are several subdivisions:
Table 1

Alphabetical list of pathogens that may induce diarrheas (selection)

Agent of disease genus/species

Characteristics and systematical position of the pathogen

Arcobacter butzleri, etc.

Gram-negative, spirallic bacteria; Campylobacteriaceae.

Balantidium coli

Parasite: Protozoa, Ciliate.

Blastocystis hominis

Parasite: Globular protozoa or fungi with varying size of 5–200 μm in diameter.

Caliciviren

See Norwalk virus: small RNA viruses of 26–35 nm in size without capsules, icosaedric, cup-like shape

Campylobacter jejuni and other

Gram-negative...

Keywords

Bacillus Cereus Chronic Diarrhea Entamoeba Histolytica Cryptosporidium Parvum Acute Diarrhea 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Further Reading

  1. Akute Diarrhö: Internist doi:10.1007/S00108-013-3313-9Google Scholar
  2. Chronische Diarrhö: Internist doi:10.1007/S00108-013-3337-1Google Scholar
  3. Lübbert C, Weis S (2013) Medikamentöse Therapie der infektiösen Diarrhö. Internist 54:1383–1392Google Scholar
  4. Robert Koch Institute (2013) Aktuelle Statistik meldepflichtiger Infektionskrankheiten, Deutschland. Epidemiol Bull 3:23–30Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany