Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Cryptosporidiosis, Man

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_750-2

The coccidium Cryptosporidium parvum, the oocysts of which are 4–5 μm in diameter, containing four sporozoites, parasitizes the microvillar border of the intestinal epithelial cells projecting into the lumen. With heavy infections the bile ducts, trachea, and possibly conjunctive may also be involved. In addition to the regular coccidian cycle, thin-walled oocysts are formed that sporulate in the intestine and are a source of superinfection; the thick-walled oocysts pass to the outside and develop four sporozoites. In healthy volunteers, acute infection can be produced by ingestion of 30–300 or more oocysts accompanied by abdominal pain, cramps, diarrhea, and fever lasting for 3–10 days.

C. parvum causes debilitating gastrointestinal illness in humans and other mammals and is a frequent opportunistic pathogen in AIDS patients. Chronic infectionin immunosuppressed patients is associated with flattened villi, resulting from loss of epithelial cells and lack of regeneration...

Keywords

Bile Duct Abdominal Pain Fecal Sample Lamina Propria Intestinal Epithelial Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany