Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Chagas, Carlos (1879–1934)

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_568-2

Brazilian physician, discoverer of the life cycle of Trypanosoma cruzi, which is the agent of the so-called American trypanosomiasis or Chagas’; disease of humans and animals in South and Central America.

His full name was Carlos Justiano Ribeiro Chagas – son of a coffee farmer family. He got his M.D. in 1909 at the Medical School of Rio de Janeiro after submission of a thesis on hematological aspects of malaria. He worked from 1906 on for the rest of his life at the new Medical research institute in Rio de Janeiro, which was created by his friend Oswaldo Cruz (1872–1972), which exists still today and bears the name of its founder. During an antimalarial campaign close to Belem, Brazil, Chagas observed that so-called kissing bugs of the genus Triatomacontained flagellate protozoans which they transmit during their nightly sucking activity to humans and animals. As results of experimental transmissions of these flagellates to mamorset monkeys, he was able to prove the life cycle of...


Life Cycle Medical School Medical Research Laboratory Animal Nobel Prize 
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Further Reading

  1. Chagas C (1909) Neue Trypanosomen. Vorläufige Mitteilung Arch Schiff Tropenhyg (Hamburg) 13:120–122Google Scholar
  2. Readhead SA et al (2006) Pneumocystis and Trypanosoma cruzi: nomenclature and typifications. J Eukaryot Microbiol 53:2–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany