Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Capillaria Species

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_503-2


Latin: capillus = hair of the head, annulatus = ringlike, anatis = belongs to ducks, contortus = twisted, bos = cattle, hepar = liver, aerophila = air loving, plica = fold, and philippinensis = belongs to the Philippines.

Geographic Distribution/Epidemiology

Worldwide occurrence in different densities and epidemics in crowded farms or in rural regions, often also in rodents.

Morphology/Life Cycles

There are several species, which use different animals as final hosts (see Table 1); however, some of them (e.g., Capillaria aerophila, C. hepatica (syn. Calodium hepaticum), or C. philippinensis) parasitize also in humans (Fig. 1). The adults live in species-specific organs (e.g., C. annulata in crop and the esophagus; C. philippinensis, C. obsignata, and C. bovis in the small intestine; C. plica in the urine bladder; C. hepatica in the liver). The larva 1 develops inside the excreted eggs within 1–2 weeks. These larvae 1 may be ingested directly by the final hosts (Table 1) or by an...


Urine Bladder Liver Parenchyma Infected Animal Rural Region Severe Disturbance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Further Reading

  1. Fuehrer HP et al (2011) Capillaria hepatica in man – an overview of hepatic caparillosis and spurious infections. Parasitol Res 109:969–979CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Li CD et al (2010) Capillaria hepatica in China. World J Gastroenterol 16:698–702CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Traversa D et al (2010) Canine and feline cardiopulmonary parasitic nematodes in Europe: emerging and underestimated. Parasite Vector 3:62–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany