Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Tick-Borne Diseases: European Livestock Animals

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_5008-1
Food supply in people-rich countries in Europe is based on products obtained from cattle and other ruminants. Thus the tick-borne diseases of these animals are important factors for the market prizes of such products. Table 1 shows important agents of diseases and their vectors.
Table 1

Most common tick-transmitted agents of disease in European livestock animals


Tick vector

Geographical range

Parasitic diseases

Babesia bigemina

Rhipicephalus bursa

Southern Europe

Boophilus spp.

Babesia divergens

Ixodes ricinus


Babesia bovis

Rhipicephalus bursa


Boophilus spp.

Temperate/southern Europe

Babesia major

Haemaphysalis punctata

Temperate/northern Europe

Theileria annulata

Hyalomma spp.

Mediterranean basin

Theileria orientalis

Haemaphysalis punctata

Mediterranean basin (also reported in Brittany)

Bacterial diseases

Anaplasma marginale

Ixodes ricinus


Rhipicephalus spp.

Dermacentor reticulatus

Dermacentor marginatus

Anaplasma phagocytophilum

Ixodes ricinus



Food Supply Important Agent Livestock Animal European Livestock 
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Further Reading

  1. Chauvet S, L’Hostis M (2005) Les tiques bovines: biologie, répartitionetrôlevecteur. Le Point Vétérinaire 255:22–26Google Scholar
  2. Dantas-Torres et al (2012) Ticks and tick borne diseases: a one-health perspective. Trends Parasitol 28:437–446CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und Parasitologie Universitätsstraße 1DüsseldorfGermany