Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Male-Biased Parasitism

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4995-1

It was often described that male hosts suffer from significantly more parasites of a given species compared to female hosts. It is explained by the theory that androgens have an immunosuppressive effect.


Immunosuppressive Effect Female Host Male Host 
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Further Reading

  1. Kowalski K et al (2015) Sex differences in flea infections among rodent hosts: is there a male bias. Parasitol Res 114:337–341CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany