Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Echinocephalus Species

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4973-1

This genus which belongs to the family of Gnathostomidae Gnathostoma spinigerum comprises about 10 valid species which are limited primarily to marine and freshwater stingrays. Recently, E. carpiae was described in the carp Cyprinus carpio in Egypt. The adult worms are rather small reaching at the maximum only 5–6 mm in males and 5–8 mm in females in some species (e.g., E. daileyi in Potamotrygon circularis) but may also be tiny as it is in E. carpiae (♂ = 0.8 mm; ♀ = 0.9–1 mm).


Adult Worm Valid Species Freshwater Stingray Gnathostoma Spinigerum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Abdel-Ghaffar F et al (2013) Morphological and phylogenetic analysis of Echinocephalus carpiae. Parasitol Res 112:4021–4028CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany